Jeju Gotjawal

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Cirsium japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Matsum(엉겅퀴)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under Uncategorized

Features: It lives in sunny place. Its height is about 50~100cm and the leaf is 15~30cm in length and 6~15 in width. It has sharp and narrow leaf and has sawtooth on tne leaf. The flower’s diameter is 3~5cm and its corolla is purple or red. Its fruit matures from September to December. Especially, the tiny fur  is 1.6~1.9cm in lengt. Its young plant is edible and the leaf, branch and root has medical funtion.

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Callicarpa mollis Siebold & Zucc (새비나무)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under trees

 

Form : Deciduous broad-leaved shrub

Characteristics : It is 3m long and they are brown and gray bark the Virgin has a sprig. It has a pointed oval shaped leaves, or with a long oval-shaped. In front of the leaf has a short hairs. It is mainly distributed in Jeju Island and the southern islands. Flowers are bisexual which blossoms in August and it is attached on the axilla. Fruits ripe in October with purple color and they are round shaped.

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Viburnum dilatatum Thunb(가막살 나무)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under trees

 

Form : Deciduous broad-leaved shrub

Characteristic : It grows in the woods below mountainside. It has strong hardy and shade tolerance. The height is about 3m and its wide leaves are round or upset egg shaped which have saw tooth at its edge. The flowers are white and it begins to blossom in June at the edge of the branch with leaves.

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Pleurotus pulmonarius (산느타리)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

Edibility : Edible.

Time and place of occurrence : generated in spring ~ autumn, on the dead broadleaf tree or on bronken branches

Features : It grows on dead trees together or one by one. Diameter of its cap is 2~8cm long and its round mountain shape changes into shell shape. Its surface has light gray and brown color but it’s also changed into white and light yellow. It smells like flour and tastes soft. The size of spores is 6~10×3~4㎛ and spores are cylindrical pattern in gray, pink, light gray. It is edible but can cause decay in the trees as a white-rot fun-gi.

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Winter mushroom (팽나무 버섯)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

Edibility : edible

Time and place of occurrence : generated in autumn ~ early spring, on the dead trunk of broadleaf tree.

Features : It has strong viscosity and the diameter of cap is 2~8cm which color is yellow and tan. The thickness is 2 ~ 8mm and 2 ~ 9cm long. Also it has short hairs densely on its surface. The size of spores is 5~7.5×3~4㎛ and shape is oval. It is edible and it can be used for medical purposes. It is distributed in all regions above.

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Collybia confluens (Pers.:Fr.) Kummer(밀애기 버섯)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

Edibility: Edible

Time and place of occurrence: Generate in group from summer to fall.

Live  on broad-leaved ground or fallen leaves.

Because it lives in fallen leaves, People can distinguish them easily.

Especially, it decomposed fallen leaves in forest and popular in spring.

Also, its another name is “밀버섯” in Korean and it’s popular spring mushroom.

 

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Veratrum oxysepalum Turcz. [박새] – Great Tit

by on Aug.15, 2011, under birds

 

The length is about 14cm. The head and neck is bluish-black, the cheek is white. The under surface is also white. This birds is distinguished from other species of great tit because they have thich, black stripe which is tie-shape. Males have thicker stripe that is connected to the top of the legs. The back is gray.  They are common in flatland, forest, mountain, garden which has the trees, city park and around the houses.

They nest in april to july and lay 6 to 12 eggs. Especially they like artificial box for bird, so if the box is suitable, they nest and raise their young in the garden. They mostly eat insects, grass or seed of trees in autumn to winter. After breeding season, they group with marsh tit, coal tit, long-tailed tit together.

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Terpsiphone atrocaudata [삼광조] – Black Paradise Flvcatcher

by on Aug.15, 2011, under birds

 

The head is bluish-black and the skin around eyes is cobaltic. The back and wings are purplish-brown. The under surface is white, but the wings’ and the tale’s are brown. The length of male is 44.5cm and female is 17.5cm. Male has long tail which is purplish-black, the female ‘s is brown. The female’s upper surface is light and tail’s length is shorter than male.

This birds like dense woods of low mountain. They prey on insects by flying among the trees. They nest small among the branchs and  lay 3 to 5 eggs. The breeding season is may to july, the period of nesting is 12-days to 14-days, the period of raising is 8-days to 12 days. Both male and female nest and raise young together. The feed is mostly the insect species, sometimes is spider. They grow throughout East Asia, Japan, the western Pacific and winter in Southeast Asia.

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Dugyeon(두견)-Little cuckoo

by on Jul.02, 2011, under Uncategorized

 
 
The body length is approximately 28cm. Head and neck dark ash and the underside with a lot of horizontal stripes on a white background. At first glance, look like small pieces of thin, but the beak bent down for a little longer, but did not burn like a hawker. They have two legs and each of it has two toe. Appearances is similar to a cuckoo but they are much smaller and bottom of the body has the horizontal pattern with a width 2 ~ 3mm  than Cuckoo’s. The female is simmilar to male but sometimes dark brown with horizontal patterns among them.

They live Korea, Ussuri, China and the Himalayas, Japan, and Taiwan, and India in winter. In summer,  It  is common in South Korea, so you could hear all day in summer. They crying while sitting  in a tree and flying. Usually It’s hard to see them because they hide in the middle height of the tree but it can be seen flying in the sky . They cry all day and night. lay their eggs Northern Bush Warbler and crowned willow Warder’s nest. After hatching, the little cuckoo pull out of nest and grow up in that nest.

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Chinese sparrow hawk[붉은배새매]

by on Jul.02, 2011, under birds

The body length is about 28cm.  The upper body of adult bird is dark-toned and lower body is white. Its breast and flank are rosy. The young bird’s back is dark brown.  Chest is white and  many reddish-brown stripes are on its side. Eyes, cerate, feet are yellow. It lives in hills and plains, forests open to the view, or the valleys between hills.

  In South Korea, it comes in early May and leaves to go to south in September. It was common summer migratory bird, but recently decreased rapidly because  the  its pray has been polluted by agricultural pesticides.

Nestling in the branches such as oak, beech, pine, and alder after mid-May, it lay three-or four eggs once. Females sit on the eggs for a longtime than males.

  In South Korea, designated as Natural Monument No. 323, it has been protected. It breeds in only Northeast Asia, including Korea, China.

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