Jeju Gotjawal

Archive for September, 2011

Styrax japonicus Siebold & Zucc(때죽나무)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under trees

 

Form : deciduous broadleaf small forest tree
Characteristic : The leaves are alternate and egg-shaped or oval. Their length is 2~8cm, width is 2~4cm and they have no hair on them, and are saw-toothed. The fruits are oval. They bear blue fruit from July after the flowers are gone. The fruits’ length is about 1.2~1.4 cm and they shapes like a bell. They grow ripe in September and gets grey-white. The flowers are genomonecious, 1.2~1.4cm in diameter, white and opens in May to June. Branches have star-shaped hairs but then disappear. Branches become brown  when their epidermis is taken off, and the part of the small branches are yellow-green. Stem is dark brown and it has vertical stripes. The tree has a main tree and lateral roots. The home of this tree is Korea, and it is distributed in Japan and China.

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Dryopteris erythrosora (D.C.Eaton) Kuntze(홍지네 고사리)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under Uncategorized

 

 Feature: The scalelike fur is produced on the short and thick root,and the leaves live in group . The oval shaped leaves divide into two. There are sharp fractions on the back of leaves and it gets together.The small leaves are pinnacle like leaves and has sawtooth on the edge of leaves. Because the leaves are red, we call them ‘홍지네 고사리’ in Korean. It lives in shade of  forests

 

 

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Mycena chlorophos 받침애주름버섯

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

 

Edibility : Edible.

 

Features : It grows on the Bamboo, Palm tree and other dry trees and fallen branches from summer to fall. The head of the mushroom is round at first and become flat. The surface of the head has a big viscosity because it is covered with Gellatin. It is light gray and the edge of it is white. When it gets wet, some strings appear. The wrinkle of it is white at first and it turns gray.

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Russula sanguinea (Bull.) Fr(혈색무당버섯)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

 

Edibility : Edible.

 

Time and place of occurrence : generated in autumn, flocking on the sand in the pine woods and having a symbiotic relationship with plants.

 

Features : The diameter of its cap is 4~10cm, and cap is bell-shaped. They are sticky when wet and the edge is flat and it has stripes. The flesh are white and tastes hot but smells nothing. The color changes white into cream. The length of the sack is 3 ~ 7cm, and thickness is 0.9 ~ 3cm. The size of spores is 7~8×6~7μm and it’s nearly spherical and has many thorn on the surface.

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Amanita vaginata var. fulva (Schaeff.) Gill (고동색 우산버섯)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

 

Edibility : Edible

 

Time and place of occurrence : generated in summer ~ autumn, scattered among the woods.

 

Features : Diameter of its cap is 4 ~ 10cm , and it’s bell-shaped. The surface is reddish brown and the middle part of the surface is little black. Also its surface is sticky when it is moist. The flesh is white and has stripes on the edge. Stem length is 7 ~ 15cm and width is 1 ~ 1.5cm. It has white powdered shaped piece of scaly.  And the size of spores is 12~14μm and shape is spherical.

 

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Cirsium japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Matsum(엉겅퀴)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under Uncategorized

Features: It lives in sunny place. Its height is about 50~100cm and the leaf is 15~30cm in length and 6~15 in width. It has sharp and narrow leaf and has sawtooth on tne leaf. The flower’s diameter is 3~5cm and its corolla is purple or red. Its fruit matures from September to December. Especially, the tiny fur  is 1.6~1.9cm in lengt. Its young plant is edible and the leaf, branch and root has medical funtion.

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Callicarpa mollis Siebold & Zucc (새비나무)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under trees

 

Form : Deciduous broad-leaved shrub

Characteristics : It is 3m long and they are brown and gray bark the Virgin has a sprig. It has a pointed oval shaped leaves, or with a long oval-shaped. In front of the leaf has a short hairs. It is mainly distributed in Jeju Island and the southern islands. Flowers are bisexual which blossoms in August and it is attached on the axilla. Fruits ripe in October with purple color and they are round shaped.

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Viburnum dilatatum Thunb(가막살 나무)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under trees

 

Form : Deciduous broad-leaved shrub

Characteristic : It grows in the woods below mountainside. It has strong hardy and shade tolerance. The height is about 3m and its wide leaves are round or upset egg shaped which have saw tooth at its edge. The flowers are white and it begins to blossom in June at the edge of the branch with leaves.

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Pleurotus pulmonarius (산느타리)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

Edibility : Edible.

Time and place of occurrence : generated in spring ~ autumn, on the dead broadleaf tree or on bronken branches

Features : It grows on dead trees together or one by one. Diameter of its cap is 2~8cm long and its round mountain shape changes into shell shape. Its surface has light gray and brown color but it’s also changed into white and light yellow. It smells like flour and tastes soft. The size of spores is 6~10×3~4㎛ and spores are cylindrical pattern in gray, pink, light gray. It is edible but can cause decay in the trees as a white-rot fun-gi.

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Winter mushroom (팽나무 버섯)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

Edibility : edible

Time and place of occurrence : generated in autumn ~ early spring, on the dead trunk of broadleaf tree.

Features : It has strong viscosity and the diameter of cap is 2~8cm which color is yellow and tan. The thickness is 2 ~ 8mm and 2 ~ 9cm long. Also it has short hairs densely on its surface. The size of spores is 5~7.5×3~4㎛ and shape is oval. It is edible and it can be used for medical purposes. It is distributed in all regions above.

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