Jeju Gotjawal

Winter mushroom (팽나무 버섯)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

Edibility : edible

Time and place of occurrence : generated in autumn ~ early spring, on the dead trunk of broadleaf tree.

Features : It has strong viscosity and the diameter of cap is 2~8cm which color is yellow and tan. The thickness is 2 ~ 8mm and 2 ~ 9cm long. Also it has short hairs densely on its surface. The size of spores is 5~7.5×3~4㎛ and shape is oval. It is edible and it can be used for medical purposes. It is distributed in all regions above.

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Collybia confluens (Pers.:Fr.) Kummer(밀애기 버섯)

by on Sep.03, 2011, under mushrooms

Edibility: Edible

Time and place of occurrence: Generate in group from summer to fall.

Live  on broad-leaved ground or fallen leaves.

Because it lives in fallen leaves, People can distinguish them easily.

Especially, it decomposed fallen leaves in forest and popular in spring.

Also, its another name is “밀버섯” in Korean and it’s popular spring mushroom.

 

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Veratrum oxysepalum Turcz. [박새] – Great Tit

by on Aug.15, 2011, under birds

 

The length is about 14cm. The head and neck is bluish-black, the cheek is white. The under surface is also white. This birds is distinguished from other species of great tit because they have thich, black stripe which is tie-shape. Males have thicker stripe that is connected to the top of the legs. The back is gray.  They are common in flatland, forest, mountain, garden which has the trees, city park and around the houses.

They nest in april to july and lay 6 to 12 eggs. Especially they like artificial box for bird, so if the box is suitable, they nest and raise their young in the garden. They mostly eat insects, grass or seed of trees in autumn to winter. After breeding season, they group with marsh tit, coal tit, long-tailed tit together.

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Terpsiphone atrocaudata [삼광조] – Black Paradise Flvcatcher

by on Aug.15, 2011, under birds

 

The head is bluish-black and the skin around eyes is cobaltic. The back and wings are purplish-brown. The under surface is white, but the wings’ and the tale’s are brown. The length of male is 44.5cm and female is 17.5cm. Male has long tail which is purplish-black, the female ‘s is brown. The female’s upper surface is light and tail’s length is shorter than male.

This birds like dense woods of low mountain. They prey on insects by flying among the trees. They nest small among the branchs and  lay 3 to 5 eggs. The breeding season is may to july, the period of nesting is 12-days to 14-days, the period of raising is 8-days to 12 days. Both male and female nest and raise young together. The feed is mostly the insect species, sometimes is spider. They grow throughout East Asia, Japan, the western Pacific and winter in Southeast Asia.

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Dugyeon(두견)-Little cuckoo

by on Jul.02, 2011, under Uncategorized

 
 
The body length is approximately 28cm. Head and neck dark ash and the underside with a lot of horizontal stripes on a white background. At first glance, look like small pieces of thin, but the beak bent down for a little longer, but did not burn like a hawker. They have two legs and each of it has two toe. Appearances is similar to a cuckoo but they are much smaller and bottom of the body has the horizontal pattern with a width 2 ~ 3mm  than Cuckoo’s. The female is simmilar to male but sometimes dark brown with horizontal patterns among them.

They live Korea, Ussuri, China and the Himalayas, Japan, and Taiwan, and India in winter. In summer,  It  is common in South Korea, so you could hear all day in summer. They crying while sitting  in a tree and flying. Usually It’s hard to see them because they hide in the middle height of the tree but it can be seen flying in the sky . They cry all day and night. lay their eggs Northern Bush Warbler and crowned willow Warder’s nest. After hatching, the little cuckoo pull out of nest and grow up in that nest.

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Chinese sparrow hawk[붉은배새매]

by on Jul.02, 2011, under birds

The body length is about 28cm.  The upper body of adult bird is dark-toned and lower body is white. Its breast and flank are rosy. The young bird’s back is dark brown.  Chest is white and  many reddish-brown stripes are on its side. Eyes, cerate, feet are yellow. It lives in hills and plains, forests open to the view, or the valleys between hills.

  In South Korea, it comes in early May and leaves to go to south in September. It was common summer migratory bird, but recently decreased rapidly because  the  its pray has been polluted by agricultural pesticides.

Nestling in the branches such as oak, beech, pine, and alder after mid-May, it lay three-or four eggs once. Females sit on the eggs for a longtime than males.

  In South Korea, designated as Natural Monument No. 323, it has been protected. It breeds in only Northeast Asia, including Korea, China.

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Elaeagnus glabra 보리장나무

by on Apr.24, 2011, under Uncategorized

Form : Dicotyledonous, Evergreen vine with actinorhizal plant

Characteristics : It grows island. The stem grows longer and the branches have brown scaly hair. Leaves are oval, narrow and long. The edge of leaves is wave shape

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Viola verecunda A. GRAY 콩제비꽃

by on Apr.24, 2011, under Uncategorized

Form :It has hairy white petals with purple lines.
Characteristic : Its height is 5 ~ 20cm. The white flowers bloom from April to May and each runs on flower stalks. The leaf is egg-shaped and its length is 1.5 ~ 2.5cm. The edge of it is saw-toothed. The petiole of leaves from roots are 2to 4 times longer than upper leaves. The fruit is long oval shape and is divided into 3. The petal is 8 ~ 10mm. As perennials, its origin is South Korea. It inhabits the mountains of the wetland.

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Viola ovato-oblonga 긴잎제비꽃

by on Apr.24, 2011, under Uncategorized

 

Form : dicotyledon, violaceous perennial plant

Characteristic : Its height is 15~20cm. The flowers are bilateral symmetry. Its petals are 5.

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Eurya japonica 사스레피나무

by on Apr.24, 2011, under trees

Form : Evergreen broad-leaved shrub
Characteristic : Eurya japonica is usually 2~3m tall. The leaves are ovoid, and the front of  leaves polished.  The edge of the leaf  is sow-toothed. The flowers are white and they have unique scent. The flowers structure of  this tree is similar to the flowers structure of Camellia  flowers.

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